Sonneratia caseolaris

Sonneratia caseolaris

Sonneratia caseolaris, also known as the mangrove apple or sea apple, is a tree species found in mangrove forests throughout Southeast Asia and northern Australia. It belongs to the family Lythraceae and can grow up to 10 meters tall.

The tree has large, leathery leaves that are around 20-30 cm long and 10-20 cm wide, and its flowers are small and white. The fruit of Sonneratia caseolaris is a round, fleshy apple that is around 5-7 cm in diameter and contains many seeds.

Sonneratia caseolaris is adapted to grow in brackish water and is often found in the intertidal zone of mangrove forests, where its roots are submerged in water at high tide and exposed to air at low tide. The tree provides habitat and food for a variety of animal species, including birds, crabs, and fish.

The fruit of Sonneratia caseolaris is edible and is commonly used in Southeast Asian cuisine. The tree is also used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, such as fever, diarrhea, and skin diseases.

However, Sonneratia caseolaris is facing threats from habitat loss and overexploitation for its various uses. Conservation efforts are needed to ensure the continued survival of this important tree species.

Overall, Sonneratia caseolaris is an important and fascinating tree species found in Southeast Asia’s mangrove forests, valued for its ecological, economic, and cultural significance.

Updated: 21 April 2023 — 09:00

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