Holarrhena antidysenterica, also known as the conessi tree or kurchi, is a tree species found in India and other parts of Southeast Asia. It belongs to the family Apocynaceae and can grow up to 15 meters tall.
The tree has long, narrow leaves that are around 10-15 cm long and 2-3 cm wide, and its flowers are small and white. The fruit of the Holarrhena antidysenterica is a woody capsule that contains many seeds.
Holarrhena antidysenterica is valued for its medicinal properties, particularly in the treatment of dysentery and diarrhea. Its bark, seeds, and leaves contain several alkaloids, including conessine, which have antibacterial and antidiarrheal properties. The tree is also used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of other ailments, such as fever, malaria, and skin diseases.
In addition to its medicinal uses, Holarrhena antidysenterica is also used for timber, fuel, and in tanning leather. The tree is found in a variety of habitats, including dry forests, savannas, and grasslands.
Overall, Holarrhena antidysenterica is an important tree species in Southeast Asia, valued for its medicinal and economic uses. Its ability to grow in a variety of habitats and its tolerance to drought make it an important component of many ecosystems in the region.