Aegiceras corniculatum, also known as the river mangrove or khalsi in Bengali, is a shrub or small tree species found in mangrove forests throughout Southeast Asia and northern Australia.
The tree has small, leathery leaves that are around 4-10 cm long and 2-4 cm wide, and its flowers are small and white or pink in color. The fruit of Aegiceras corniculatum is a round, fleshy berry that is around 1 cm in diameter and contains several seeds.
Aegiceras corniculatum is adapted to grow in brackish water and is often found in the intertidal zone of mangrove forests. The tree provides habitat and food for a variety of animal species, including birds, crabs, and fish.
In addition to its ecological importance, Aegiceras corniculatum is used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, such as skin diseases, diarrhea, and fever. The tree is also used for fuel and in the construction of fish traps.
Overall, Aegiceras corniculatum is an important species in Southeast Asian mangrove forests, valued for its ecological, economic, and cultural significance. Its ability to grow in brackish water and its importance as a habitat for many animal species make it an essential component of mangrove ecosystems.