Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris)
The Royal Bengal Tiger is a large and powerful big cat that is found primarily in India, with smaller populations in Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal. They are the most numerous tiger subspecies, with an estimated 2,500 individuals remaining in the wild.
These tigers have a distinctive appearance, with a bright orange coat with black stripes and a white belly. They have a muscular build and sharp teeth and claws, which make them highly adapted for hunting prey.
Royal Bengal Tigers are typically found in forested habitats, including tropical and subtropical rainforests, deciduous forests, and mangrove swamps. They are apex predators and feed on a variety of prey, including deer, wild pigs, and buffalo.
During breeding season, female Royal Bengal Tigers give birth to litters of 2-4 cubs, which they raise and protect until they are old enough to hunt on their own.
Royal Bengal Tigers are threatened by habitat loss and degradation, poaching for their fur, bones, and other body parts, and conflict with humans, who often hunt them to protect livestock and crops. Conservation efforts are underway to protect their habitats, reduce human-tiger conflict, and promote sustainable management practices.
Overall, the Royal Bengal Tiger is an iconic and important species that plays a significant role in many forested ecosystems in India and neighboring countries.