Oriental Skylark (Alauda gulgula)
The Oriental Skylark is a small passerine bird that belongs to the family Alaudidae. It is found in many parts of Asia, including India, Southeast Asia, and China.
These birds have a distinctive appearance, with a brownish plumage on their body, streaked with black and white markings. They have a relatively short bill and a crest of feathers on their head that they can raise or lower.
Oriental Skylarks are typically found in open habitats, including grasslands, fields, and agricultural areas. They feed on a variety of prey, including insects, seeds, and small invertebrates.
During breeding season, Oriental Skylarks build a cup-shaped nest on the ground, laying 3-5 eggs per clutch. Both parents share the duties of incubating the eggs and caring for the young.
Oriental Skylarks are considered a species of least concern by the IUCN Red List, although some populations are threatened by habitat loss and degradation, pesticide use, and hunting.
Overall, the Oriental Skylark is an interesting and important species that plays a significant role in many open habitats in Asia.