Oriental Darter (Anhinga melanogaster)
The Oriental Darter, also known as the Indian Darter, is a large waterbird that belongs to the family Anhingidae. It is found in many parts of Asia, including India, Southeast Asia, and China.
These birds have a distinctive appearance, with a long and slender neck, a brownish-black plumage on their body, and a white stripe running from the base of their bill to their throat. They have a long and pointed bill and a long, pointed tail.
Oriental Darters are typically found in freshwater habitats, including ponds, lakes, and rivers. They are adapted for diving underwater and swimming, using their long necks and sharp bills to catch fish and other prey.
During breeding season, Oriental Darters build a nest made of sticks and vegetation, laying 2-6 eggs per clutch. Both parents share the duties of incubating the eggs and caring for the young.
Oriental Darters are considered a species of least concern by the IUCN Red List, although some populations are threatened by habitat loss and degradation, pollution, and disturbance from human activity. Conservation efforts are underway to protect their wetland habitats, including the designation of protected areas and the implementation of sustainable management practices.
Overall, the Oriental Darter is an interesting and important species that plays a significant role in many freshwater ecosystems in Asia.