Little Cormorant (Microcarbo niger)
The Little Cormorant is a small waterbird that belongs to the family Phalacrocoracidae. It is found in many parts of South and Southeast Asia, including India, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia.
These birds have a distinctive appearance, with a blackish-brown plumage on their body, a relatively short neck and tail, and a hooked bill. They have a wingspan of up to 90 cm.
Little Cormorants are typically found in wetland habitats, including ponds, lakes, and rivers. They feed on a variety of prey, including fish, crustaceans, and small reptiles.
During breeding season, Little Cormorants build a nest in trees near the water, laying 2-4 eggs per clutch. Both parents share the duties of incubating the eggs and caring for the young.
Little Cormorants are considered a species of least concern by the IUCN Red List, as they are adaptable and found in a variety of wetland habitats. However, they can be threatened by habitat loss and degradation, pollution, and disturbance from human activity.
Overall, the Little Cormorant is an interesting and important species that plays a significant role in many wetland ecosystems in South and Southeast Asia.