Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia)

Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia)

The Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) is a large wading bird belonging to the family Threskiornithidae. It is found throughout much of Europe, Asia, and North Africa. The Eurasian Spoonbill is known for its distinctive, spoon-shaped bill, which it uses to catch fish and other small aquatic creatures.

Physical Characteristics:

The Eurasian Spoonbill measures around 80-90 centimeters (31-35 inches) in length, with a wingspan of approximately 120-135 centimeters (47-53 inches). It has a white plumage, with black flight feathers and a distinctive, spoon-shaped bill. During breeding season, the bird’s head and breast may have a yellowish or reddish tinge.


The Eurasian Spoonbill feeds primarily on small fish, crustaceans, and other aquatic creatures. It uses its spoon-shaped bill to sweep through shallow water and catch prey, which it swallows whole.

Reproduction and Lifecycle:

The breeding season for the Eurasian Spoonbill typically occurs between April and July, depending on the location. These birds breed in colonies in wetland habitats, such as marshes and swamps. They build a large, platform nest out of sticks, reeds, and other vegetation.

The female lays 2 to 4 eggs, which are incubated by both parents for around 21-25 days. After hatching, the chicks are fed and cared for by both parents for around 6-7 weeks until they are able to leave the nest. The young birds become fully independent within a few weeks of fledging.

Conservation Status:

The Eurasian Spoonbill is currently listed as a species of “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) due to its wide distribution and stable population. However, the bird could face potential threats from habitat loss due to wetland drainage, pollution, and other human activities. Conservation efforts focus on habitat preservation, monitoring populations, and reducing disturbances to nesting sites to ensure the long-term survival of the species.

Updated: 20 April 2023 — 15:30

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