Collared Kingfisher (Todiramphus chloris)
The Collared Kingfisher (Todiramphus chloris) is a medium-sized bird belonging to the family Alcedinidae. It is found throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including parts of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Pacific islands. The Collared Kingfisher is often found near water sources such as rivers, streams, and coasts, where it feeds on fish, crustaceans, and other aquatic animals.
The Collared Kingfisher measures around 22-29 centimeters (9-11 inches) in length, with a wingspan of approximately 38-46 centimeters (15-18 inches). It has a distinctive blue and white plumage, with a bright blue back, wings, and tail, and a white belly and breast. The bird has a black mask around the eyes and a white collar around the neck. The bill is long and pointed, and the legs and feet are gray. The male and female share similar coloration and markings, with little sexual dimorphism.
The Collared Kingfisher primarily feeds on fish, as well as crustaceans, insects, and other small animals. The bird hunts by perching on a branch or other elevated perch near the water’s edge, scanning the water for prey before diving down to catch its target with its sharp bill.
Reproduction and Lifecycle:
The breeding season for the Collared Kingfisher varies depending on the location. These birds are monogamous and form pair bonds that can last for several breeding seasons. They build a nest in a tree hole or crevice, often lined with feathers, grass, and other plant materials.
The female lays 2 to 5 white eggs, which are incubated by both parents for around 20-23 days. After hatching, the chicks are fed and cared for by both parents until they fledge, or leave the nest, at about 27-30 days old. The young birds become fully independent within a few weeks of fledging.
The Collared Kingfisher is currently listed as a species of “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) due to its wide distribution and stable population. The species is not facing any major threats at present. However, habitat loss due to deforestation, urbanization, and other human activities could pose potential risks to the Collared Kingfisher population in the future. Conservation efforts focus on habitat preservation and monitoring populations to ensure their long-term survival.