Azadirachta indica, also known as neem, is a plant species found in India, Southeast Asia, and other tropical regions.
The tree has small, white flowers that are fragrant and attract pollinators, and its fruit is a small, olive-like drupe that contains a single seed. The leaves of Azadirachta indica are used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, such as fever, skin diseases, and digestive issues.
The leaves, bark, and seeds of Azadirachta indica contain several bioactive compounds, including limonoids and triterpenoids, which have medicinal properties. These compounds have been shown to have anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and anti-cancer effects, among others.
In addition to its medicinal uses, Azadirachta indica is also used for its various other properties. The tree is used as a source of timber, as its wood is strong and durable. The tree is also used as a source of insecticide, as extracts from its seeds and leaves can repel or kill insects.
Overall, Azadirachta indica is an important and versatile plant species found in India and Southeast Asia, valued for its medicinal, economic, and environmental uses. Its bioactive compounds and potential health benefits make it a promising candidate for further research and development in modern medicine.