Spotted Deer (Axis axis)
The Spotted Deer, also known as the Axis Deer, is a medium-sized deer species that is native to the Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka. They have a distinctive appearance, with a reddish-brown coat that is covered in white spots. They also have a characteristic white throat patch and a short, thin tail.
These deer are primarily herbivorous and feed on a variety of plant material, including grasses, leaves, and fruits. They are active during the day and night, and are known for their agility and speed.
Spotted Deer are social animals and live in herds, or groups, of up to several hundred individuals. During breeding season, male deer will compete for the opportunity to mate with females, and will use their antlers to engage in displays of dominance.
Female Spotted Deer give birth to a single fawn, which they raise and protect within the herd.
Spotted Deer are considered a species of least concern by the IUCN Red List, due to their wide distribution and large population size. However, they are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, as well as hunting and poaching for their meat and antlers.
Overall, the Spotted Deer is an interesting and important species that plays a significant role in many ecosystems in the Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka, and is also valued for its cultural and aesthetic significance.