Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos macei)
The Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos macei) is a medium-sized woodpecker species that is native to South and Southeast Asia. It is known for its distinctive plumage, which includes a bright red crown and a fulvous-colored breast.
The Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker measures around 22-26 centimeters (8.7-10.2 inches) in length, with a wingspan of approximately 34-40 centimeters (13-16 inches). The male has a bright red crown and a black forehead, while the female has a brownish-black crown and forehead. Both sexes have a fulvous-colored breast and a white belly. The bird has a sturdy bill that is adapted for drilling into wood.
The Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker feeds primarily on insects, such as ants and beetles, which it finds by pecking and drilling into the bark of trees. It may also feed on fruits and seeds.
Reproduction and Lifecycle:
The breeding season for the Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker typically occurs between March and August, depending on the location. These birds breed in tree cavities, which they excavate themselves or use pre-existing cavities. The female lays 3 to 4 eggs, which are incubated by both parents for around 12-14 days. After hatching, the chicks are fed and cared for by both parents for around 25-30 days until they are able to leave the nest. The young birds become fully independent within a few weeks of fledging.
The Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker is currently listed as a species of “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) due to its wide distribution and stable population. However, the bird could face potential threats from habitat loss due to deforestation and other human activities. Conservation efforts focus on habitat preservation, monitoring populations, and reducing disturbances to nesting sites to ensure the long-term survival of the species.